Most people grow to be 18-20 years old. Before that, a variety of environmental factors can affect your height.
The researchers cite that better nutrition and better health care are critical factors in increasing average height. On the other hand, scientific evidence from twin studies suggests that up to 60-80% of growth factors are at the genetic level. (1)
This article covers the factors that affect a person’s height and how much size can be grown per year with charts for children and adolescents up to 19 years of age, as well as answering the question if you can unwind after development.
How much does it grow per year?
Growth speed graph by year according to age – up to 19 years. Reference: (1)
Body growth in children 2-3 years old is the most active; statistics show up to 40 mm per year. After that, the increase in growth slows down a bit, averaging up to 5-6 mm per year between 4-11. (2)
In adolescents, the fastest growth peak is between 11 and 12 years old. Once they develop, they begin to grow around 2.5 to 5 cm. After 15 – 16 years, this figure gradually decreases. The processes continue until the age of 18-19, and the increased growth stops.
The hormone growth hormone is mainly affecting the development of the tissues of the body. The level of this hormone is highest in children and is high in adolescence, and after 35-40 years, it begins to decrease at a rate of 15-17% per decade.
Factors that affect your height
Around 60-80% of growth factors are at the genetic level, while the remaining 20-40% are determined by diet and lifestyle. In particular, adequate protein, calcium, and vitamin D directly affect growth.
Excluding the negative factors that reduce growth: nutritional deficiencies, bad habits, recurrent infections, and a sedentary lifestyle will contribute to the total number that a person can grow per year.
This is especially important in adolescence when the body is in the growth phase. However, it is essential to know that when it comes to growth, it is necessary to cover an adequate amount of these nutrients: an excess of calcium not only does not help to increase growth, but it can have undesirable consequences for health. Factors affecting growth:
- Physical exercise
- Some medical conditions
RELATED: Vitamins to Grow Your Height
Height charts for children and teens ages 5-19
The graphs that you can see below reflect the growth achieved in length or height for the child’s age. This indicator identifies children with delayed growth (short stature) due to a lack of nutrients or frequent illnesses.
Children who are very tall for their age can also be identified by charts, which may reflect endocrine or hormonal disorders. However, these situations are rare.
Here you can see a chart of height-for-age standards for girls and boys with healthy values according to the WHO.
In each of these curves, the x-axis represents age and the y-axis length or height in centimeters. Era is marked as completed months and years from birth. To use them, you must measure size as accurately as possible, and age (for example, 12 years and three months) represents a point on the curve.
Curve as an example:
After a few months, repeat the procedure and compare the trend with the reference curve. Physicians and other health professionals use these charts to reference physical growth. Values that deviate from the curve could indicate growth problems; consult your doctor if found in this case.
Can you grow after age 20?
During puberty, adolescents continue to grow in height, but for most people, it is in their 20s when they no longer grow taller.
Some people are not happy with their height and wish they were taller. Unfortunately for most adults, not much can be done to increase size after age 20.
After 18 – 20, most height-building tricks won’t work, even with good nutrition and exercise. However, there are ways to look taller and prevent loss of height, which is expected as people age.
We are talking about improving posture that varies between 1-1.5 cm your height. ³ Certain exercises allow you to stretch the space between the vertebrae in your spine. Working critical muscles involved in posture training, for example, traps, lats, and abs, will help you appear taller, and it is necessary to strengthen them.
Adolescence is the period where height increases the fastest. It can grow up to 7 cm per year. Be sure to provide your body with the necessary amounts of protein, calcium, and vitamin D. After 20 years; it is unlikely that you will increase your height. Still, exercise and improved posture can help you not reduce your size as you get older.